While driving in your pickup truck down Highway 280 between San Francisco and Palo Alto, a meteorite lands in your truck bed! Despite its 220 kg mass, the meteor does not destroy your 1200 kg truck.
In fact, it landed so softly it added mass but did not change the total momentum of your truck.
Before the meteor landed you were going 25 m/s. After it landed, approximately how fast were you going? Answer in m/s.
The final answer to this question for the final velocity is 21 m/s
We need to start by extracting our data from the question
Our Initial mass which is the mass of the truck is m1 = 1,200 kg
The second mass is the mass of the meteorite, m2 = 220 kg
Your initial velocity before the meteor landed on the truck is u1 = 25 m/s
The velocity after the meteor landed on the truck is u2 = 0
The final velocity is v1 = v2 = v
We will make v subject of the formula from the formula of momentum, which is
m1u1 + m2u2 = m1v1 + m2v2
But v1 = v2 = v
m1u1 + m2u2 = (m1 + m2)v
At the same time, the velocity (u2) after the meteor landed on the truck is zero (0)
m1u1 + m2 x 0 = (m1 + m2)v
Which is equal to
m1u1 = (m1 + m2)v
We can now divide both sides by (m1 + m2) to obtain
Therefore, the formula to apply so that we can find the velocity traveled so far of v = m1u1 / (m1 + m2)
We will now insert our data into the formula v = m1u1 / (m1 + m2) to obtain
v = m1u1 / (m1 + m2) = (1200 x 25) / (1200 + 220)
v = 30,000 / 1420 = 21.126 m/s
Therefore, after the meteor landed, the speed covered by the truck is approximately 21 meters per second.
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