Question

An object of mass m attached to a spring of force constant k oscillates with simple harmonic motion. The maximum displacement from equilibrium is A and the total mechanical energy of the system is E. What is the object’s velocity when its potential energy is 2/3E?

Video Explanation

Looking for where to Promote Your Online Course?

Join Learnworlds: The best online course platform for creating, and promoting your online courses.

Image Explanation

Below is a picture solution of the above question:

Question
An object of mass m attached to a spring of force constant k oscillates with simple harmonic motion. The maximum displacement from equilibrium is A and the total mechanical energy of the system is E. What is the object's velocity when its potential energy is 2/3E?
Question An object of mass m attached to a spring of force constant k oscillates with simple harmonic motion. The maximum displacement from equilibrium is A and the total mechanical energy of the system is E. What is the object’s velocity when its potential energy is 2/3E?

Text Explanation

Data

Revealed values from the question

Mass of the object = m

Spring Constant = k

Maximum displacement of the spring, x = A

Mechanical Energy of the system, M.E = E

Potential energy, P.E = 2/3E

Unrevealed Value from the question:

The velocity of the object = v

Important Formulae to use:

Mechanical energy is given by M.E = Potential Energy (P.E) + Kinetic Energy (K.E)

And the potential energy of an elastic spring is P.E = (1/2)kx2 = (1/2)kA2 [Because x = A from the question]

The kinetic energy of the spring is given by K.E = (1/2)mv2

E = P.E = (1/2)kA2

Check Questions and Answers on any topic here:

The biggest database of Questions & Answers is available for you! Sign Up Now!

Solution

We will now apply our data and formulae to solve the problem

Since M.A = P.E + K.E

We can equally insert our data into the above formula for the mechanical energy of the system

E = 2/3E + (1/2)mv2

We will now make v subject of the formula

(1/2)mv2 = E – 2/3E

solving the right-hand side we will subtract 2/3E from E and obtain

(1/2)mv2 = E (1 – 2/3)

to get

(1/2)mv2 = (1/3)E

But E = (1/2)kA2 and this implies that the above equation is

(1/2)mv2 = (1/3)(1/2)kA2

from the above equation, 1/2 will cancel each other on both hands leaving us with

mv2 = (1/3)kA2

We can now divide both sides by m to get

v2 = (1/3m)kA2

We can now take the square-root of both sides to make v subject of the formula

v = √(kA2/3m)

Hence the answer to what is the object’s velocity when its potential energy is 23e? is v = √(kA2/3m)

You may also like to read:

The amplitude of a lightly damped oscillator decreases by 3.0% during each cycle.

How to Calculate Kinetic Energy

How to Calculate Work Done in Physics

Reference:

Wikipedia